- Old traditions
Chinese music is one of the oldest music traditions in the world and is the tradition of Han Chinese. Two species are available in music traditions: classic and folkloristic. The former is classic and is also called art music. Thematic, poetic and philosophical outcomes draw through Chinese music. Seal and dance should master culture violations and put people in harmony. Love songs, religious seeds and state hymns, but also war, fasting and lamentations have been recorded in the book of the songs written between 1000 and 600 BC.
The seven-string zither is over 3000 years old, the loud PIPA 2000. Playing the instruments require sensitivity and pretense playing technology. The Qin, oral organ as the Sheng and Hulusi, but also donning, gongs and drums are among the Chinese instruments. Shawls, flutes, diazi and strikes like the yunluo gongs are more instruments.
The subdivision of the instruments
A special feature in Chinese music is the subdivision into silk, bamboo, wood, stone, metal, sound, pumpkin and animal horror instruments. Silk instruments are string instruments that are formerly made of silk and are made of metal, nylon or intestine nowadays. The subgroups are towing instruments such as the seven-satigious GUQIN or QIN, the 25-string SE and the 16 to 26-satige Wölbetzither Guzheng or Zheng. The 4 to 5-patient PIPA from Arabia is also part of this. The Liuqin has four strings. Loud types are the Sanxian and the Quinqin. The Chinese harp is called Konghou. The string instruments are mostly two-stringy fidelines like the Huqin. Also the Erl, Zhonghu and the Dihu belong to them. The two bamboo hammers played Chinese matteboard is called Yangqin. Bamboo instruments are wooden blow instruments such as the transverse flute Dizi, the Xindi, Koudi and the Longflaten Xiao, Chi and Dongi. The Chinese Panflute Paixiano also belongs to this. Double pipe instruments are the cylindrical guan and the conical suona. Wood strips are the Zhu and the YU. Made of stone, sonstone games are made. Bells and Gongs are the Chubeng Baizhong and the Bianzhong. They consist of metal. The cup-shaped impact instrument FOU consists of sound and the pumpkin plant is a resonant body for various oral organ. You are called Sheng, Lusheng, Hulusi and Hulusheng. Animal skins make material for drum instruments such as Dagu, Huuzo Dagu, Jiangu and Paigu.
Chinese vocal music focuses on solo singing and is sung in Falsett or a thin voice. The folk song of the Chinese is divided into the groups of labor songs named Haozi, moving and passionate gates and the Alpine-like yodelles. Speechgesang is another form. There is him in 200 species. They are called pure singing named Danxuan Paizi and Sichuan Qingyin, stories called Shanbei Shuo and Suzhou Tanci and recitation with the name Xiangcheng and Kuaiban.
Chinese music in font and sheet music
From numbers and symbols, the note system exists, but the oral tradition from the teacher to his student continues to have a tradition. Even as a meditation form, monks and very educated people turned on the music, because until the beginning of the 20. Century Chinese Music especially in high educational circles considered a form of communication. The ten-year cultural revolution in 1966 ought-classical music as ‘bourgeois’ and the influences of pop music in the 1980s had a negative effect on the classic concerts. Chinese folk music served different sources.
The course through the dynasties
In the course of time, the trends changed with their dynasties. Blowing and punching instruments were the focus, but the bone flute is found in Chinese music again. Orchestral music and secular music emancipated during the Tang Dynasty. Opera music developed during the Mongol yuan dynasty and the Beijing opera experienced its highlight in the Qing Dynasty. Facial masks and influences of European music are characteristic features of this form.
Tone and melody, the twelve-tone ladder and the fifth scale system without halftone steps are musical characteristics of Chinese music. Confucius developed the systematic music theory including old and new music. The sound system is influenced by the Indian and mesopotamic origin. Melodics and harmonics do not work, despite great intervals, because the melodies are wavy. Multimism is rarely used. In the 1910s and 1920s, Chinese music was based on European jazz and the re-establishment of symphony orchestras.
The Chinese opera
In the Chinese opera language, game, dance and masks and martial arts are associated. 360 opera types such as the Rattener, the Pingju, the Canton Opera, the Puppet Opera, the Kunqu, the Sichuan Opera, the Qinqiang and Huangmei XI differ in their dialects and vocal types.
Further interesting information about Chinese music can be found on the pages