- The change of church music
Church music is also called sacred music and determines the service by vocal and instrumental music. Trade fair tonings, cantatas, motets and choroes form the basis. It differs from spiritual music, for example, oratories of Händel or the Requiem of Brahms. The community educational songs and the music education of the kindergot service are also included. Confession and cultural environment set differences. Church musicians are choirs, organists, children’s choirs and the trombone choir. They design the service. At the year 1300, the term church music was used as Musica Ecclesiastica for the first time from the music theorist Johannes de Grocheo.
The change of church music
Also popular Christian music has been found for over 40 years in the Christian pop music scene. Professional pictures of the church musician are church musicians, cantor, district cantor, choirmaster, organist, list of organists, church music director, Landeskirchenmusikdirector, organ expert and bells expert.
Designations and instruments
The church bells are also part of church music. The madrigal is a multi-part, soloist vocal composition. Prelude, Interludium, Intonations, Choral Foremak, Choral Music, Chamber Music, Music with the Telephone Subcommunione, ie Music for Communion and Supper), Postal Courses and the Municipality are part of church music. A multi-ordinary vocal composition for vocal voices and instrumental support is the cantata. It was created at the beginning of the 17. Century. Recitative, arias, ariosi, choirs and chorals alternate with instrumental premium and intermediate game. The oratorio is an opera-related large form and staged choir, orchestra and commenting solo rolls of individual musicians. Bible texts are set up. The passion sacrifices are the best known of their genus.
Special forms of church music
Special forms of church music are the choral as the original liturgy of the West Church with unanimous church music, the Motet with multi-part singing with the sung word in the foreground, fair as a setting of the Ordinarium, Requiem as a dead trade fair of Catholic liturgy, Te deum as Ambrosian praise, Litani as a prayer the Catholic Church in the form of a change of change between planner or Schola and community, Vesper as the setting of the psalms and hymns of the Catholic Church and the passion as the setting of the biblical passion text.
The historical development of church music
The music of Christians up to 6. Century was on their vocal traditions and reformed himself under Bishop Ambrosius from Milan to Ambrosian singing. Antiphons and newly sealed hymns were introduced. The Reformation under Pope Gregor the Great led to a collection of melodies and texts used in liturgy. Local singing styles were replaced by Gregorian choral trees. Unanimous singing, Latin texts and melodies of the Gregorian choral drew this time. Multisimity developed in the Middle Ages by the Notre Dame School. In 14. Century was used the organ in worship. In the so-called alternatimate practice, half of the songs are sung by the choir and the other half was played by the organ in a multi-part machining. No other instruments were played. This designation is designed forgotten.
From the Renaissance to the present
In the Renaissance in the course of the 15. Century developed the parenturopaic culture of music through the Council of Konstanz. Cathedrals, Stiftskirchen and City Churches received the function of musical institutions through their yard chapels. From the Reformation in 16. Century also separated Evangelical and Catholic church music from each other and in England did the church of England took their course. In the Catholic music of modern times in the 17th. and 18. In the century, the church governments for one or two solo instruments and the General Bass was used. Corelli, Vivaldi, Albinoni were famous composers. In 19. and 20. Century understood the church music as sacred sound art and lifted off the worldly music. A transparent, song text is characteristic of this time. After the second Vatican from the year 1963, the music was maintained as a valuable treasure. A new vocal book in 1975 named God’s Lob and his successor in 2013 caused a new departure with various genres and contemporary music. Also the jazz fair, gospel music and influences of the beat and rock managed it into church music.