- Alternative Rock, Artrock, Bluesrock, Country Rock, Classic Rock, Dark Rock, Garage Skirt .
Rock music originated towards the end of the 1950s in the United Kingdom from the stylistic genical music rock ‘n’ roll. Pioneers like Elvis Presley, The Rolling Stones and the Beatles shaped this style with the classic instruments such as guitar, bass, drums, vocals, keyboard and synthesizer. Often she is supplemented by the Hammond organ, in the wireless skirt will add winds.
Alternative Rock, Artrock, Bluesrock, Country Rock, Classic Rock, Dark Rock, Garage Skirt .
Subcategories are Alternative Rock, Artrock, Bluesrock, Country Rock, Classic Skirt, Dark Skirt, Garage Skirt, Glam Rock, Grunge, Hard Rock, Industrial Rock, Noise Rock, Pop Rock, Progressive Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Softood, Southern Skirt, Stoner Rock, Synth Rock and Viking Rock.
Fire of life and zeitgeist
Similar to pop music, rock music developed from a youth movement, the social and generation conflicts discussed. Above ahead of Personified Elvis Presley through its famous hip proceeds this youth movement, which was perceived as provocatively in the then parent generation.
The expansion of the technology enabled to transport turntables and also bother through car radios everywhere with music. Also, this was graded as a noise and perceived provocatively. For the young people, it was considered to celebrate this rock culture through record cover, dance performances and posters and to be distinguished by the prosperity society. It was about a feeling, not for perfection. Straight notes and catchy eighth are characteristic of rock music. Nevertheless, it was by no means lacking innovation. The rock opera ‘Tommy’ from the British band ‘The Who’ shows that rock and theater fit together.
The development of rock music
So everything started in the 1950s with the Rock’n’Rollern Bill Haley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard and Buddy Holly. In the 1960s Jimi Hendrix and the Rolling Stones, but also the Kinks, Eric Clapton and the Beatles continued this tradition. Chic suits, correct haircuts – also called ‘mushroom heads’ – and unertailed stage shows were contrast to the scratchy, dirty sound of the bands.
The legendary Woodstock Festival in 1969 celebrated the utopia of a new society. As a peace movement against the Vietnam War, suddenly the boundaries between Hippiemusik, Rock and Folk swam. Also the musical ‘Hair’ showed the resistance of the young Americans. Experiental music The band ‘Velvet Underground’ was issued away.
The variety of rock music
Glamrock was built in the 1970s and presented the musicians with strong makeup, glitter clothing and androgyne attitudes. David Bowie and T. Rex were representatives of this genre. It formed a strong contrast as well as occurring in the time-occurring hard rock, which was shaped by LED Zeppelin and Deep Purple.
Psychodelic rock combined classic music, jazz, folk and new music with the electronic instruments. Thus developed bands like Jethro Tull, Pink Floyd, Genesis and Yes completely new ideas and presentations of rock music.
Stadium Rock was suddenly possible and required an upgrade of the equipment, because recordings from the early beginnings of the Beatlemania show that the amplifiers against the screaming of the enthusiastic fans did not arrive.
New musician professions
New professions arose: Standands, sound engineers and roadies that could create sensational shows with lightshows, lasers and dry ice.
The guitarist Pete Townsend, together with Jim Marshall, developed the ‘Marshall-Stack’, which combined the Gibson-les Paul guitar and the Marshall amplifier.
Also punk rock was now on the rise. The Sex Pistols, The Clash and the Ramones sat on simple 4/4-bars. Musical quality stand in the background. It went back to protest, the expression of a lifestyle and rebellion, but not a peaceful way, as the hippie movement predominantly.
Pop-Metal was built in the 1980s and celebrated a mixture of catchy melodies and stadium bombast with Bon Jovi, Scorpions and Europe.
As a finale of the punk movement, the Genre New Wave formed with the bands Joy Division and The Cure, which attracted with gloomy melodies and abundant electronic elements. Because even here the borders to pop suddenly swam again, a need for demarcation was created to the mainstream.
Independent and grunge
The Independent scene developed in the course of the 1990s with the bands Pixies and Sonic Youth. And because obviously there was always a need for rebellion, a new genre emerged: the grunge. Nirvana, Pearl Jam and the Smashing Pumpkins were legendary representatives, but only until death from the Nirvana-Frontman Kurt Cobain in 1994.
Nevertheless, rock music remained loud: Crossover bands such as Rage Against The Machine and Incubus, Skatepunk and also pop-punk developed in the last decade of 20. Century. In addition, this decade managed the union of alternative rock and pop through the genre Brit Pop. Blur, Placebo and Oasis were bands of this time and are still active in part today.
From the millennium, one longed for loud sounds. A retractable stomped new bands from the ground: The Strokes, Kings of Leon and Mando Diao. Laid this band their focus rather on the past decades, used Nu-Metal bands like Linkin Park and Limp Bizkit rather on crossover.
The EMO genre presented bands like 30 Seconds to Mars and My Chemical Romance.
Sources and web links
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