- Information about the opera
The opera has been a musical genre of the theater since 1639 and the setting of a dramatic seal. A singer ensemble, an orchestra and a choir, but also a ballet ensemble lead this musical plant in opera houses or theaters. The boundaries to the musical, the operetta and the music theater swim.
Information about the opera
In the Middle Ages, the spiritual game became a passion game during the Easter fair. This took place outside the church. For the Renaissance epoch, the time of the carnival developed the opening of the traditional opera season. The Madrigal as the most important genus of folk music association music with dances. Finally, in 16. Century the ‘Ballet Comique de la Reine’ listed in France as a significant precursor of the opera. But the origin of the opera had the end of the 16. Century in Florence. The Florentine Camerata essentially contributed as the discussion of noblemen, philosophers and musicians to revive the antique drama.
The first opera
The first opera was ‘La Dafne’ by Jacopo Peri in 1597. Claudio Monteverdi’s first opera ‘L’Orfeo’ from 1607 is particularly famous. Thirty years later, the first opera house in Venice was opened with the name ‘Teatro San Cassiano’ and set a trend for new venues, which were opened shortly thereafter. Paris also brought out well-known opera composers like Jean-Baptiste Lully. In Germany it was Heinrich Schütz and in England Henry Purcells. Over the centuries, the opera developed in the respective countries under the influence of historical circumstances such as wars and revolutions.
Characteristic features and subcategories
Texteveralism, a clear, simple vocal line and a economical bass accompaniment as well as the quiet instruments lute and harpsichord were the basis. Simpleity and monodistry were also characteristic. The number Opera, the Opera Buffa and the Opera Semisera were subcategories that developed over time. The number Operand association closed music pieces with spoken dialogues. In 19. In the century, this way of composition was questioned, so the through-composed large form was created. So Giuseppe Verdi shaped the file to a larger form. Richard Wagner closed and set the focus on leitmotives. The Opera Seria and the Opera Buffa distinguish between high and low style according to the Greek tragedy and comedy. The big opera is also called chamber opera and limited to a few musicians. The Rock Opera is a special genre.
Works and composers
Famous opera works are ‘the wedding of Figaro’ and ‘Don Giovanni’von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,’ La Traviata ‘by Guiseppe Verdi,’ the Freistüst ‘by Carl Maria Weber,’ Tosca ‘by Giacomo Puccini,’ Fidelio ‘by Ludwig Van Beethoven ‘Madame Butterfly’ by Giacomo Puccini and many more. Maurice Ravel, Igor Strawinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Kurt Well, Leonard Bernstein, Alfred Snittke, Luigi Dallapiccola, Manfred Trojahn and many more composers of the 20. and 21. Century are famous for their works.